Md. Kamrul Islam: Air transportation is considered to be the safest mode of transportation in the world. About two-thirds of all aircraft in the air around the world are always in the air. And every aircraft operates using ICAO code or code given by IATA.
All aircraft around the world are connected to some air traffic control tower while in motion. Whenever an aircraft deviates from a control tower or loses contact, the aircraft crashes.
The accident rate in air transport is very low compared to other forms of transport. However, air traffic control authorities are always concerned about ensuring the safety of air travel and air passengers. After every accident, top experts work to find the cause.
ICAO incorporates the policy as a new safety guideline for all airlines worldwide as new data emerges. The reason is not to repeat the same mistake.
Common people are more worried about air accidents than road accidents or river accidents. What causes aircraft accidents? From the curiosity of many.
Airplane accidents usually occur for three reasons. Airplane crashes are usually caused by human error, technical error, and bad weather.
Apart from the above three reasons, airplanes face accidents due to many other reasons. From the curiosity of common passengers or those who have a keen interest in aviation, an attempt has been made to mention some factors or reasons why or what factors depend on aircraft accidents.
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Infrastructural defects in aircraft can lead to fatal accidents. Cracks may occur in various aircraft components after a certain life cycle, but may not be visible from the outside.
Although every component is checked during C-check, D-check of the aircraft, still the aircraft face accidents due to structural defects. Many times the windshield breaks even after the life cycle, causing the aircraft to crash. A skilled pilot may be able to save the plane. News of broken windshields make newspaper headlines from time to time.
Many accidents happen due to bird hit or bird strike. Generally, birds are hit during the flight take off or landing in the airport area. Airport authorities use adequate safety equipment to protect aircraft from bird hits, but bird hits still occur. Bird heat can cause engine failure, windshield breakage.
Airplanes may crash due to terrorist attacks or hijacking. Airports are maintained with impeccable security through tight security to prevent any kind of terrorist attack, yet aircrafts are damaged in the hands of terrorist individuals or groups.
At present, the temperature has increased in various countries of Europe, causing fires. Similarly, fires are seen almost every year in Australia. The smoke from the volcanic ash can damage aircraft propellers and engines and cause accidents. Aircraft can be damaged due to ash eruption.
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Due to the fact that the various equipments involved in the maintenance of the aircraft are scattered all over the place during bad weather, there is a possibility of damage to the aircraft. It is best to refrain from operating the next scheduled flight without assessing the exact damage. Abandoned metal objects on runways can damage aircraft.
We always see while traveling that the cabin crew announces to refrain from using any kind of electronic devices especially mobiles, remote control devices, laptops while travelling. Because such electronic devices can interfere with the aircraft’s compass system.
A pilot who is intoxicated can make mistakes while flying. Due to which fatal accidents can occur. Under no circumstances is an intoxicated person allowed to enter the cockpit. In the history of aviation, there are records of pilots or co-pilots taking suicidal decisions to crash planes.
Misdirection of the navigational equipment by the pilot while flying the aircraft over tall towers or tall buildings can lead to fatal accidents. A pilot can become confused, if a fatal accident occurs due to a printed document or faulty instruments and signals or faulty instructions sent from ground control or any informational error.
Lightning can cause engine damage, damage to cockpit equipment. Accidents can happen. Also in bad weather, heavy rain, heavy rain, high speed wind like tornado can crash the aircraft.
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Sometimes passenger planes or cargo planes are accidentally attacked by military forces.
Low fuel or engine failure may occur in flight. If the pilot did not immediately decide to make an emergency landing at a nearby airport, he could have suffered a fatal accident. Besides, it is the right decision not to fly in snow or ice storm. Otherwise accidents may occur.
Misunderstanding of the location and boundaries of the runway during landing and takeoff can lead to accidents. Besides, if the pilot fails to select the correct runway during landing, he will suffer an accident.
An aircraft can be involved in an accident for any number of reasons. All aviation authorities around the world are constantly working to ensure safe aviation operations. Safe Air Travel has taken all effective measures to provide safe services.
Safe travel is your, my, everyone’s wish. Nirbhavana is the skyway of the world. Have a happy journey, wish everyone a reflection.
Author: Md. Kamrul islam, General Manager-public relations, US-Bangla Airlines.